Baguio, officially the City of Baguio (Ibaloi: Ciudad ni Bagiw; Ilocano: Ciudad ti Baguio; Pangasinan: Siyudad na Baguio; Spanish: Ciudad de Baguio; Tagalog: Lungsod ng Baguio) and often referred to as Baguio City, is a highly urbanized city in northern Luzon in the Philippines. It is geographically within Benguet, serving as the provincial capital from 1901 to 1916, but has since been administered independently from the province following its conversion into a chartered city. The city has become the center of business, commerce, and education in northern Luzon, as well as the seat of government of the Cordillera Administrative Region. According to the 2010 census, Baguio has a population of 318,676.
Baguio was established as a hill station by the Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. It was the United States’ only hill station in Asia. The name of the city is derived from bagiw, the Ibaloi word for ‘moss.’ The city is situated at an altitude of approximately 1,540 meters (5,050 feet) in the Luzon tropical pine forests ecoregion conducive for the growth of mossy plants and orchids.
Because of its cool climate, Baguio was designated by the Philippine Commission as the “Summer Capital of the Philippines” on June 1, 1903. The government was transferred to The City of Baguio to escape the lowland heat during summer. It was incorporated as a chartered city by the Philippine Assembly on September 1, 1909, as authored by former Philippines Supreme Court Justice Atty. George A. Malcolm.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article “Baguio”, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.